WATER AND ITS SCARCITY IN PAKISTAN
Pakistan is the land of rich culture, heritage, historical sites and all those necessary things which are required for the development of a nation.
But over the past few years, Pakistan has gone through difficult circumstances which have not only created complications for the people living here but also a barrier to the development of country.
Water is a colorless substance which is an essential component of human body. Water is an inorganic compound and is considered as universal solvent. Water is the third most abundant molecule on earth.
WATER CRISIS IN PAKISTAN:
Pakistan came into being with a long list of problems including the problem of WATER SHORTAGE. Pakistan and India have been two rivals since Independence. The water dispute between Pakistan and India was to be resolved after the Independence because it was creating several issues for the people of both regions and was a threat to the development of both areas. In order to resolve the water dispute between the two nations, a treaty named as “INDUS WATER TREATY “was signed on September 19, 1960.
MAJOR POINTS OF INDUS WATER TREATY:
Beas, Ravi and Sutlej were to be governed by India, while Indus, Chenab and Jehlum were to be governed by Pakistan.
A permanent Indus commission was set up as a bilateral commission. Its duty was to implement and manage the Treaty.
The Treaty provided arbitration mechanism to solve the disputes amicably.
There should be no fight between the two nations on water.
CURRENT WATER CRISES IN PAKISTAN:
The population of Pakistan is continuously increasing due to lack education which is is leading towards scarcity of water as well as many other resources.
Researches show that Pakistan will run out of water in 2025. 90 percent of Pakistan’s economy is based on agriculture and 60 percent is directly or indirectly linked to water.
Pakistan is facing two challenges; the scarcity of water and corrupt management in the water sector. These two things are adding to the continuous destruction of Pakistan. Pakistan lacks reservoirs and dams to store monsoon water. This has affected agriculture a lot. The annual per capital yield of Pakistan is decreasing every year and the major reason for this is water shortage. Due to insufficient water resources 84 percent of Pakistan’s population is forced to drink contaminated water.
DISEASES CAUSED BY CONTAMINATED WATER:
The diseases caused by contaminated water are:
3) Guinea worm diseases
SOLUTION TO THIS PROBLEM:
The problem of water shortage can be solved if Pakistan constructs dams. Following dams should be constructed in this regard:
1) Bhasha dam
2) Kalabagh dam
3) Raised Mangla dam
4) Mirani dam
5) Gomalzam dam
People should be given awareness to conserve water resources and government should make laws for the conservation of water resources. Better irrigation methods should be introduced to consume less water.