For Healthy People Wear a Face Mask Only if you are taking care of a person with suspected 2019 Coronavirus Covide-19 Infection. Wear a face mask, if you are coughing or sneezing. Masks are effective only when used in with frequent hand cleaning with alcohol based hand rub or soap and water. If you wear a mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose of it properly. Before Putting on a mask clean hands with alcohol based hand rub or soap and water.Cover Mouth and Nose with Mask and make sure there are no gaps between your face and the mask. Replace a mask with a new one as soon as it is damp and do not reuse single use masks. To Remove the Mask, remove it from behind, do not touch the front of mask discard immediately in a closed bin clean hands with alcohol based rub or soap and water.

Types Of Face Mask And How To Use The Face Mask
Iqra Rehman
Iqra Rehman

Types of Face Mask And How To Use The Face Masks

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Since the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that caused coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the use of face masks has become ubiquitous in China and other Asian countries such as South Korea and Japan. Some provinces and municipalities in China have enforced compulsory face mask policies in public areas; however, China’s national guideline has adopted a risk-based approach in offering recommendations for using face masks among health-care workers and the general public. We compared face mask use recommendations by different health authorities (panel). Despite the consistency in the recommendation those symptomatic individuals and those in health-care settings should use face masks, discrepancies were observed in the general public and community settings. Recommendations on face masks vary across countries and we have seen that the use of masks increases substantially once local epidemics begin, including the use of N95 respirators (without any other protective equipment) in community settings. This increase in use of face masks by the general public exacerbates the global supply shortage of face masks, with prices soaring, and risks supply constraints to frontline healthcare professionals. As a response, a few countries (e.g, Germany and South Korea) banned exportation of face masks to priorities local demand. WHO called for a 40% increase in the production of protective equipment, including face masks.  Meanwhile, health authorities should optimize face mask distribution to priorities the needs of frontline health-care workers and the most vulnerable populations in communities who are more susceptible to infection and mortality if infected, including older adults (particularly those older than 65 years) and people with underlying health conditions.

People in some regions (e.g, Thailand, China, and Japan) opted for makeshift alternatives or repeated usage of disposable surgical masks. Notably, improper use of face masks, such as not changing disposable masks, could jeopardizes the protective effect and even increases the risk of infection.

World Health Organization Recommends When and How to Use Face Masks 
For Healthy People Wear a Face Mask Only if you are taking care of a person with suspected 2019 Coronavirus Covide-19 Infection. Wear a face mask, if you are coughing or sneezing. Masks are effective only when used in with frequent hand cleaning with alcohol based hand rub or soap and water. If you wear a mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose of it properly. Before Putting on a mask clean hands with alcohol based hand rub or soap and water. Cover Mouth and Nose with Mask and make sure there are no gaps between your face and the mask. Replace a mask with a new one as soon as it is damp and do not reuse single use masks. To Remove the Mask, remove it from behind, do not touch the front of mask discard immediately in a closed bin clean hands with alcohol based rub or soap and water.

World Health Organization Recommends When and How to Use Face Masks

For Healthy People Wear a Face Mask Only if you are taking care of a person with suspected 2019 Coronavirus Covide-19 Infection. Wear a face mask, if you are coughing or sneezing. Masks are effective only when used in with frequent hand cleaning with alcohol based hand rub or soap and water. If you wear a mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose of it properly. Before Putting on a mask clean hands with alcohol based hand rub or soap and water. Cover Mouth and Nose with Mask and make sure there are no gaps between your face and the mask. Replace a mask with a new one as soon as it is damp and do not reuse single use masks. To Remove the Mask, remove it from behind, do not touch the front of mask discard immediately in a closed bin clean hands with alcohol based rub or soap and water.

Types of Face Mask And Which One to Use Against Coronavirus Covid-19

Homemade Mask    

This type of mask is also called reusable mask like it can be wash. This mask can be sewn, cut or fashioned from a bandana and coffee filter. This mask must be washed routinely. This mask recommended for everyone in by Center for Disease Control (CDC) United States, for use in public place like in grocery stores. It also has a low cost. It is recommended for healthy people that not maintain 6 feet distance in public places.

Surgical Mask                   

This type of mask is also disposable mask. This mask mostly recommended for surgeons, health care workers and for Para medical staff. This can help to protect wearers from getting others sick through their spit. It cost almost 0.25$. But this surgical mask not recommended for the healthy people because it doesn’t protect people from acquiring illness and a loose fit leaves room for errors.

Avoid Touching The Mask While Using It if you do clean your hands with alcohol based hand rub or soap and water

N95 Respirator mask       

This is also a disposable type mask. This mask work in dust, mold, medical/ or environmental emergencies. It only protect against particle not gases or vapors. It can help protect healthcare workers from germs by blocking by blocking out at least 95% of small airborne particles. But condition is worn correctly. It cost almost 2 to 4$.

Above all given mask use in COVID 19 pandemic. But some mask cannot use in this pandemic like;

P100 Respirator/gas mask    

This mask use in painting, woodworking, exposure to lead and asbestos/ or different solvents and chemicals. It protects manual labor from exposure to different dangerous chemicals. It is effective but not in this pandemic. It cost almost 25 to 50$.

Face masks cannot stop healthy people getting Covid-19, says World Health Organization

The World Health Organization has held off from recommending people wear face masks in public after assessing fresh evidence that suggested the items may help to contain the pandemic. The WHO reviewed its position on masks in light of data from Hong Kong indicating that their widespread use in the community may have reduced the spread of coronavirus in some regions. But in updated guidance published on Monday, the organization maintained that while masks could help limit the spread of the disease, they were insufficient on their own. There was no evidence that wearing a mask in the community prevented healthy people from picking up respiratory infections including Covid-19, it said. Prof David Heymann, of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, who chaired the WHO’s scientific and technical advisory group for infectious hazards, said that unless people were working in healthcare settings, masks are “only for the protection of others, not for the protection of oneself”.

Home Made Mask This type of mask is also called reusable mask like it can be wash. This mask can be sewn, cut or fashioned from a bandana and coffee filter

The committee acknowledged the virus can be transmitted by people who do not have symptoms, but said the virus must still spread via droplets or contaminated surfaces, which physical distancing and hand washing are intended to minimize. According to the updated advice, people with coronavirus symptoms should wear a face mask, self-isolate and seek medical advice as soon as they start to feel unwell, while those caring for them should wear a face mask when they are in the same room. The WHO guidance on healthy people wearing masks in public appears to conflict with recent advice from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which urged the US public to wear cloth face coverings in pharmacies, groceries and other public places where physical distancing can be hard to maintain.

Heymann said masks could create a false sense of security that could end up putting people at greater risk. Even with the mouth and nose fully covered, the virus can still enter through the eyes. “People think they are protected when they are not,” he said. “Healthcare workers, in addition to the masks, wear visors too, to protect the eyes.” Another concern is that people may contaminate themselves when they adjust, remove and dispose of their masks. The WHO said people who chose to wear masks in public should follow its advice to ensure they were using them safely. It said countries that recommended masks for the general population should set up studies to monitor their effectiveness. William Keevil, a professor of environmental healthcare at the University of Southampton, said governments felt under pressure to be seen to be doing something, even if it was a waste of time and valuable resources. “Cloth masks and poor quality surgical face masks will not filter fine respiratory droplets, and certainly not aerosols, which some are now claiming to be an infection risk,” he said. “The major question that needs to be addressed is: what about protecting the eyes, a known route of entry?” Dr Elaine Shuo Feng, an epidemiologist at Oxford University, supports the US stance on face masks and said it would be sensible for people who may have been exposed to the virus to wear face masks outdoors because of the risk of passing on the virus. “It would be helpful if high-risk people – elderly, people with chronic conditions – wear a face mask if they can’t avoid crowed areas, because these people have the highest risk of severe outcomes such as ICU/death if infected,” she said.

Types of masks; which one use in COVID 19;
Homemade Mask     
This type of mask is also called reusable mask like it can be wash. This mask can be sewn, cut or fashioned from a bandana and coffee filter. This mask must be washed routinely. This mask recommended for everyone in by Center for Disease Control (CDC) United States, for use in public place like in grocery stores. It also has a low cost. It is recommended for healthy people that not maintain 6 feet distance in public places.
Surgical Mask;                     
This type of mask is also disposable mask. This mask mostly recommended for surgeons, health care workers and for Para medical staff. This can help to protect wearers from getting others sick through their spit. It cost almost 0.25$. But this surgical mask not recommended for the healthy people because it doesn’t protect people from acquiring illness and a loose fit leaves room for errors. 
N95 Respirator mask         
This is also a disposable type mask. This mask work in dust, mold, medical/ or environmental emergencies. It only protect against particle not gases or vapors. It can help protect healthcare workers from germs by blocking by blocking out at least 95% of small airborne particles. But condition is worn correctly. It cost almost 2 to 4$. 
Above all given mask use in COVID 19 pandemic. But some mask cannot use in this pandemic like;
P100 Respirator/gas mask      
This mask use in painting, woodworking, exposure to lead and asbestos/ or different solvents and chemicals. It protects manual labor from exposure to different dangerous chemicals. It is effective but not in this pandemic. It cost almost 25 to 50$.
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