Cognitive abilities, such as inability to concentrate, difficulty completing tasks, delayed responses during conversations. Sleep patterns, such as insomnia, restless sleep, excessive sleepiness, not sleeping through the night. Physical well-being, such as fatigue, pains, headache, digestive problems.

SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, TYPES AND TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION
Rutba Khan
Rutba Khan

Symptoms, Causes, Types And Treatment Of Depression 

Keywords: Depression, Symptoms of Depression, Causes of Depression, Treatment of Depression, Types of Depression, Mental Health Awareness, Medication, Brain Stimulation, Light Therapy, Alternative Therapy

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What is depression?

Depression is classified as a mood disorder. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s everyday activities. People experience depression in different ways. It may interfere with your daily work, resulting in lost time and lower productivity. It can also influence relationships and some chronic health conditions.

Conditions that can get worse due to depression include:

Arthritis

Asthma

Cardiovascular disease

Cancer

Diabetes

Obesity

It’s important to realize that feeling down at times is a normal part of life. Sad and upsetting events happen to everyone. But, if you’re feeling down or hopeless on a regular basis, you could be dealing with depression. Depression is considered a serious medical condition that can get worse without proper treatment. Those who seek treatment often see improvements in symptoms in just a few weeks.

Depression symptoms:

Depression can be more than a constant state of sadness or feeling “blue. Major depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Some affect your mood, and others affect your body. Symptoms may also be ongoing, or come and go. The symptoms of depression can be experienced differently among men, women, and children differently.

Men may experience symptoms related to their:

Mood, such as anger, aggressiveness, irritability, anxiousness, restlessness.

Emotional well-being, such as feeling empty, sad, hopeless behavior, such as loss of interest, no longer finding pleasure in favorite activities, feeling tired easily, thoughts of suicide, drinking excessively, using drugs, engaging in high-risk activities such as reduced sexual desire, lack of sexual performance.

Cognitive abilities, such as inability to concentrate, difficulty completing tasks, delayed responses during conversations. Sleep patterns, such as insomnia, restless sleep, excessive sleepiness, not sleeping through the night. Physical well-being, such as fatigue, pains, headache, digestive problems.

Symptoms, Causes, Types And Treatment Of Depression 

Keywords: Depression, Symptoms of Depression, Causes of Depression, Treatment of Depression, Types of Depression, Mental Health Awareness, Medication, Brain Stimulation, Light Therapy, Alternative Therapy

Subscribe Our Official Youtube Channel For Video Blogs and Video Articles (Click Here)

What is depression?

Depression is classified as a mood disorder. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s everyday activities. People experience depression in different ways. It may interfere with your daily work, resulting in lost time and lower productivity. It can also influence relationships and some chronic health conditions.

Conditions that can get worse due to depression include:

Arthritis

Asthma

Cardiovascular disease

Cancer

Diabetes

Obesity

It’s important to realize that feeling down at times is a normal part of life. Sad and upsetting events happen to everyone. But, if you’re feeling down or hopeless on a regular basis, you could be dealing with depression. Depression is considered a serious medical condition that can get worse without proper treatment. Those who seek treatment often see improvements in symptoms in just a few weeks.

Depression symptoms:

Depression can be more than a constant state of sadness or feeling “blue. Major depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Some affect your mood, and others affect your body. Symptoms may also be ongoing, or come and go. The symptoms of depression can be experienced differently among men, women, and children differently.

Men may experience symptoms related to their:

Mood, such as anger, aggressiveness, irritability, anxiousness, restlessness.

Emotional well-being, such as feeling empty, sad, hopeless behavior, such as loss of interest, no longer finding pleasure in favorite activities, feeling tired easily, thoughts of suicide, drinking excessively, using drugs, engaging in high-risk activities such as reduced sexual desire, lack of sexual performance.

Cognitive abilities, such as inability to concentrate, difficulty completing tasks, delayed responses during conversations. Sleep patterns, such as insomnia, restless sleep, excessive sleepiness, not sleeping through the night. Physical well-being, such as fatigue, pains, headache, digestive problems.

Women may experience symptoms related to their:

Mood, such as irritability, feeling sad or empty, anxious or hopeless behavior, such as loss of interest in activities, withdrawing from social engagements, thoughts of suicide cognitive abilities, such as thinking or talking more slowly.

Sleep patterns, such as difficulty sleeping through the night, waking early, sleeping too much. Physical well-being, such as decreased energy, greater fatigue, changes in appetite, weight changes, aches, pain, headaches, increased cramps.

Children may experience symptoms related to their:

Mood, such as irritability, anger, mood swings, crying. Feelings of incompetence (e.g. “I can’t do anything right”) or despair, crying, intense sadness. Behavior, such as getting into trouble at school or refusing to go to school, avoiding friends or siblings, thoughts of death or suicide.

Cognitive abilities, such as difficulty concentrating, decline in school performance, changes in grades. Sleep patterns, such as difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much. Physical well-being, such as loss of energy, digestive problems, changes in appetite, weight loss or gain.

Depression causes:

There are several possible causes of depression. They can range from biological to circumstantial.

Common causes of Depression include:

Family history: You’re at a higher risk for developing depression if you have a family history of depression or another mood disorder.

Early childhood trauma: Some events affect the way your body reacts to fear and stressful situations.

Brain structure: There’s a greater risk for depression if the frontal lobe of your brain is less active. However, scientists don’t know if this happens before or after the onset of depressive symptoms.

Medical conditions: Certain conditions may put you at higher risk, such as chronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain, or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

About 21 percent of people who have a substance use problem also experience depression. In addition to these causes, other risk factors for depression include:

 

Low self-esteem or being self-critical

Personal history of mental illness

Certain medications

Stressful events, such as loss of a loved one, economic problems, or a divorce

Many factors can influence feelings of depression, as well as who develops the condition and who doesn’t.

The causes of depression are often tied to other elements of your health.

Depression test:

There isn’t a single test to diagnose depression. But your healthcare provider can make a diagnosis based on your symptoms and a psychological evaluation.

In most cases, they’ll ask a series of questions about you:

Moods

Appetite

Sleep pattern

Activity level

Thoughts

Because depression can be linked to other health problems, your healthcare provider may also conduct a physical examination and order blood work. Sometimes thyroid problems or a vitamin D deficiency can trigger symptoms of depression.

Don’t ignore symptoms of depression. If your mood doesn’t improve or gets worse, seek medical help. Depression is a serious mental health illness with the potential for complications.

Women may experience symptoms related to their

If left untreated, complications can include:

Weight gain or loss

Physical pain

Substance use problems

Panic attacks

Relationship problems

Social isolation

Thoughts of suicide

Self-harm

Types of depression:

Depression can be broken into categories depending on the severity of symptoms. Some people experience mild and temporary episodes, while others experience severe and ongoing depressive episodes.

There are two main types: major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder.

Major depressive disorder:

Major depressive disorder is the more severe form of depression. It’s characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness that don’t go away on their own.

In order to be diagnosed with clinical depression, you must experience 5 or more of the following symptoms over a 2-week period:

 

Feeling depressed most of the day

Loss of interest in most regular activities

Significant weight loss or gain

Sleeping a lot or not being able to sleep

Slowed thinking or movement

Fatigue or low energy most days

Feelings of worthlessness or guilt

Loss of concentration or indecisiveness

Recurring thoughts of death or suicide

There are different subtypes of major depressive disorder, which are refers to as “specifiers.”

 

These include:

Atypical features

Anxious distress

Mixed features

Per partum onset, during pregnancy or right after giving birth

Seasonal patterns

Melancholic features

Psychotic features

Catatonia

Persistent depressive disorder:

Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) used to be called dysthymia. It’s a milder, but chronic, form of depression.

 

In order for the diagnosis to be made, symptoms must last for at least 2 years. PDD can affect your life more than major depression because it lasts for a longer period.

 

It’s common for people with PDD to:

 

Lose interest in normal daily activities

Feel hopeless

Lack productivity

Have low self-esteem

Depression can be treated successfully, but it’s important to stick to your treatment plan.

 

Read more about why depression treatment is important.

If left untreated, complications can include:
Weight gain or loss
Physical pain
Substance use problems
Panic attacks
Relationship problems
Social isolation
Thoughts of suicide
Self-harm
Types of depression:
Depression can be broken into categories depending on the severity of symptoms. Some people experience mild and temporary episodes, while others experience severe and ongoing depressive episodes.
There are two main types: major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder.
Major depressive disorder:
Major depressive disorder is the more severe form of depression. It’s characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness that don’t go away on their own.
In order to be diagnosed with clinical depression, you must experience 5 or more of the following symptoms over a 2-week period:

Feeling depressed most of the day
Loss of interest in most regular activities
Significant weight loss or gain
Sleeping a lot or not being able to sleep
Slowed thinking or movement
Fatigue or low energy most days
Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
Loss of concentration or indecisiveness
Recurring thoughts of death or suicide
There are different subtypes of major depressive disorder, which are refers to as “specifiers.”

These include:
Atypical features
Anxious distress
Mixed features
Per partum onset, during pregnancy or right after giving birth
Seasonal patterns
Melancholic features
Psychotic features
Catatonia
Persistent depressive disorder:
Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) used to be called dysthymia. It’s a milder, but chronic, form of depression.

In order for the diagnosis to be made, symptoms must last for at least 2 years. PDD can affect your life more than major depression because it lasts for a longer period.

It’s common for people with PDD to:

Lose interest in normal daily activities
Feel hopeless
Lack productivity
Have low self-esteem
Depression can be treated successfully, but it’s important to stick to your treatment plan.

Read more about why depression treatment is important.

Treatment for depression:

Living with depression can be difficult, but treatment can help improve your quality of life. Talk to your healthcare provider about possible options.

You may successfully manage symptoms with one form of treatment, or you may find that a combination of treatments works best.

It’s common to combine medical treatments and lifestyle therapies, including the following:

Medications

Your healthcare provider may prescribe:

Antidepressants

Antianxiety

Antipsychotic medications

Each type of medication that’s used to treat depression has benefits and potential risks.

 

Psychotherapy:

Speaking with a therapist can help you learn skills to cope with negative feelings. You may also benefit from family or group therapy sessions.

Light therapy:

Exposure to doses of white light can help regulate your mood and improve symptoms of depression. Light therapy is commonly used in seasonal affective disorder, which is now called major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern.

Alternative therapies:

Ask your healthcare provider about acupuncture or meditation. Some herbal supplements are also used to treat depression, like St. John’s wort, sAMe, and fish oil.

Talk with your healthcare provider before taking a supplement or combining a supplement with prescription medication because some supplements can react with certain medications. Some supplements may also worsen depression or reduce the effectiveness of medication.

Exercise:

Aim for 30 minutes of physical activity 3 to 5 days a week. Exercise can increase your body’s production of endorphins, which are hormones that improve your mood.

Learn how to say no:

Feeling overwhelmed can worsen anxiety and depression symptoms. Setting boundaries in your professional and personal life can help you feel better.

Take care of yourself:

You can also improve symptoms of depression by taking care of yourself. This includes getting plenty of sleep, eating a healthy diet, avoiding negative people, and participating in enjoyable activities.

Sometimes depression doesn’t respond to medication. Your healthcare provider may recommend other treatment options if your symptoms don’t improve.

 

These include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), or repetitive Trans cranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to treat depression and improve your mood.

Natural Treatment:

Traditional depression treatment uses a combination of prescription medication and counseling. But there are also alternative or complementary treatments you can try.

It’s important to remember that many of these natural treatments have few studies showing their effects on depression, good or bad.

Talk to your healthcare provider before adding supplements to your treatment plan

Supplements:

Several types of supplements are thought to have some positive effect on depression symptoms.

St. John’s wort

Studies are mixed, but this natural treatment is used in Europe as an antidepressant medication. In the United States, it hasn’t received the same approval.

S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe)

This compound has shown in limited studies to possibly ease symptoms of depression. The effects were best seen in people taking selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a type of traditional antidepressant.

5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)

5-HTP may raise serotonin levels in the brain, which could ease symptoms. Your body makes this chemical when you consume tryptophan, a protein building block.

Omega-3 fatty acids

These essential fats are important to neurological development and brain health. Adding omega-3 supplements to your diet may help reduce depression symptoms.

Essential oils

Essential oils are a popular natural remedy for many conditions, but research into their effects on depression is limited.

People with depression may find symptom relief with the following essential oils:

Wild ginger: Inhaling this strong scent may activate serotonin receptors in your brain. This may slow the release of stress-inducing hormones.

Bergamot: This citrusy essential oil has been shown to reduce anxiety in patients awaiting surgery. The same benefit may help individuals who experience anxiety as a result of depression, but there’s no research to support that claim.

Other oils, such as chamomile or rose oil, may have a calming effect when they’re inhaled. Those oils may be beneficial during short-term use.

Vitamins

Vitamins are important to many bodily functions. Research suggests two vitamins are especially useful for easing symptoms of depression:

Vitamin B: B-12 and B-6 are vital to brain health. When your vitamin B levels are low, your risk for developing depression may be higher.

Vitamin D: Sometimes called the sunshine vitamin because exposure to the sun supplies it to your body, Vitamin D is important for brain, heart, and bone health. People who are depressed are more likely to have low levels of this vitamin.

Many herbs, supplements, and vitamins claim to help ease symptoms of depression, but most haven’t shown themselves to be effective in clinical research.

Persistent depressive disorder
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