Stress is a natural body reaction initiated by situations which require increased attention or which we find ourselves with a lack of control. Short stretches of stress such as being in a job interview are transient and pose no danger, but lives with unending chronic stress produce unhealthy symptoms in people. The bodily response to stress causes increased blood pressure and an elevated heart rate – both leading to increased risks of cardiac events. Extended periods of stress may also lead to mental impediments, such as increased irritation, headaches, and poor lifestyle choices such as binge eating, increased alcohol consumption, and smoking.

Stress Management Process
Fatima Tahir
Fatima Tahir

Stress Management Process 

Keywords: Stress Management Process, Acute Stress, Chronic Stress, Episodic Stress, Psychological, Cure of Stress, Types of Stress, Medical Problems of Stress, Depression, Anxiety

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Stress is a natural body reaction initiated by situations which require increased attention or which we find ourselves with a lack of control. Short stretches of stress such as being in a job interview are transient and pose no danger, but lives with unending chronic stress produce unhealthy symptoms in people. The bodily response to stress causes increased blood pressure and an elevated heart rate – both leading to increased risks of cardiac events. Extended periods of stress may also lead to mental impediments, such as increased irritation, headaches, and poor lifestyle choices such as binge eating, increased alcohol consumption, and smoking. The hormonal changes associated by chronic stress may also lead to a dampened immune system, and increased risk of infection. Stress is the body reaction to any change that requires an adjustment or response. The body reacts to these changes with physical, mental and emotional responses. Stress is normal part of life. You experience stress from our environment, your body and your thoughts. In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental tension. Stresses can be external (from the environment, psychological, or social situations) or internal (illness, or from a medical procedure). Stress can initiate the “fight or flight” response, a complex reaction of neurological and endocrinologist systems stress can cause or influence the course of many medical conditions including psychological conditions such as depression and anxiety. Medical problems can include poor healing, irritable bowel syndrome, high blood pressure, poorly controlled diabetes and many other conditions. Stress management is recognised as an effective treatment modality to include pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic components. Some of the psychological and emotional signs that you’re stressed out include depression or anxiety. Anger, irritability, or restlessness. Feeling overwhelmed, unmotivated, or unfocused. There are three types of stress. Acute stress, episodic stress, chronic stress.

Stress is normal part of life. You experience stress from our environment, your body and your thoughts

Acute Stress:

There are several different types of stress, and not all of them are necessarily unhealthy.  Acute stress is one of the least damaging types of stress, which is good because it is also the most common type. We experience acute stress multiple times throughout the day. Acute stress is experienced as an immediate perceived threat, either physical, emotional or psychological. These threats don’t need to be intensely threatening—they can be mild stressors like an alarm clock going off, a new assignment at work, or even a phone call that needs to be answered when you’re relaxing on the couch and your phone is across the room. Acute stress can also be more serious, like being pulled over for speeding, getting into an argument with a friend, or taking a test. The threat can be real or imagined; it’s the perception of threat that triggers the stress response.  An acute stress reaction occurs when symptoms develop due to a particularly stressful event. The word ‘acute’ means the symptoms develop quickly but do not usually last long. The events are usually very severe and an acute stress reaction typically occurs after an unexpected life crisis. Psychological symptoms of acute stress disorder include: arousal: hyper vigilance, an inability to focus, sleep disturbances, irritable mood and angry outbursts. Symptoms of acute stress disorder a pounding heart difficulty breathing, chest, pain, headache, stomach pain, nausea, sweating.

Acute stress is experienced as an immediate perceived threat, either physical, emotional or psychological

Episodic Stress:

Episodic Stress occurs when we experience acute stress too frequently. It often hits those who take on too much―those who feel they have both self-imposed pressure and external demands vying for their attention. In such cases, hostility and anger frequently result. Episodic acute stress treatment lifestyle changes, therapy, and medication can all be part of a treatment plan for episodic acute stress disorder. Therapists may recommend lifestyle changes such as changing jobs or starting a physical exercise routine. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can help patients learn how to react to triggers healthily some signs of episodic stress include: irritability or uncontrolled anger, rapid heartbeat, panic attack, heartburn and other gastrointestinal troubles and muscular pain.

Episodic acute stress treatment lifestyle changes, therapy, and medication can all be part of a treatment plan for episodic acute stress disorder

Chronic Stress:

Chronic stress is the response to emotional pressure suffered for a prolonged period of time in which an individual perceives they have little or no control. It involves an endocrine system response in which corticosteroids are released. Further examples related to chronic psychological stress include serious life events like the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, loneliness, or ongoing marital problems. Prolonged chronic mental stress stemming from this can lead to increased blood pressure, which predisposes a person to getting a stroke. For cure chronic stress stand up straight, and slow things down, slow things down. Our brains and bodies were designed to face acute stressors and then have a period of recovery to relax, eat, sleep, or procreate before facing the next one, exercise, get in the green, smile, stand upright, try to see your stress as a challenge.

Management of stress:

Hand message activity

Deep breathing activity

One-minute wonder therapy

Chronic Stress:
Chronic stress is the response to emotional pressure suffered for a prolonged period of time in which an individual perceives they have little or no control. It involves an endocrine system response in which corticosteroids are released. Further examples related to chronic psychological stress include serious life events like the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, loneliness, or ongoing marital problems. Prolonged chronic mental stress stemming from this can lead to increased blood pressure, which predisposes a person to getting a stroke. For cure chronic stress stand up straight, and slow things down, slow things down. Our brains and bodies were designed to face acute stressors and then have a period of recovery to relax, eat, sleep, or procreate before facing the next one, exercise, get in the green, smile, stand upright, try to see your stress as a challenge.
 
Management of stress:
Hand message activity
Deep breathing activity
One-minute wonder therapy
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