Steep Rise In Self Harm Among Teenage
Self-harm is the basic public health issue across the world especially in deprived areas as well as in developed countries such as the US and Western Europe. Self Mutilation that is also known a self-injury is injuring of different body tissues intently, without suicidal intent. Self-harm behaviour includes using sharp objects to cut or stabs one’s skin, other behaviours like self-embedding, bruising a burning, scratching, hitting body parts or banging are also included. Other behaviours like ingestion of toxic substances, excessive skin picking (dermatillomania) and hair pulling (trichotillomani) are also included in it.
The yearning of self-impairment is an indication of Autism, Spectrum disorders, Bipolar disorder, Phobias, conduct disorders and “Borderline Personality Disorder”. People with other cerebral disorders like self-loathing, gloominess, anxiety, stress, eating disorders, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Schizophrenia and other several Personality disorders also self-harm. Some people self-harm to muddle through the certain situation and provide themselves with a temporary short-term relief without knowing the drawbacks. It also includes alcohol abuse, poignant emotional and sexual abuse. It is believed that self-inflicted violence is an attention seeking behaviour. It shows that someone needs help or attention in an indirect way. In very rare cases self-harm referred as Genetic condition Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome. It is hitting or banging of head. Self-harm basically is not a suicidal behaviour but in some cases, after severe injury, it may cause be fatal.
It seems very difficult for one to self-harm but they do it because they know that they will get relief after doing that. For many self-harmers, the relief comes from the release of beta-endorphins in the brain. Endorphin is a hormone that liberates in retort to an injury and it functions as an ordinary sedative in the body and it initiates the pleasurable feelings that make someone to feel pleasant and relax.
A study of data from GP that carries outs across the UK shows that it has been the precipitous rise in self-harm among the girls aged 13 to 16. Since 2001 different researchers show that girls have much higher rates of self-harm as compared to boys. There are 3 countries which have the highest mortality rate from self-harm in 2013 named as Lesotho, Sri Lanka and Swaziland. Self-harm rates increase 68% in the ages among 13 to 16. The Children Charity NSPCC says that almost 19000 children were admitted to hospital after self-harm last year. A study published in the British Medical Journal shows that young people that are mostly from deprived areas use to self-harm because of complex needs.
Different Researches shows different statistics of Self-harm. Every year 1 in 5 females and 1 in 7 males slot in self-injury. 90 percent of people who self-harm are teenagers or they do this in their adolescent years. 50% of people who take on in self-harm have been sexually abused. The ratio of females is more than males in self-injury activities. 50% of people who slot in self-harm activities instigates at the age of 14 and keep on into their 20. It is reported that many of those who self-mutilate account knowledge that how to do so from friends or pro self-injury websites that are the dark side of the internet. Approximately 2 million cases are reported annually in the US. Self-injury can cause various complications that include feeling ashamed, low self-esteem feeling guilty, infections from wounds, disfigurement, fatal injury etc.
Different strategies or home remedies that can be used to reduce the risk of self mutilation. Give support to them that they don’t feel alone, always listen to their problems, motivate them to express their emotions in positive ways, try not to judge or criticize them. Another treatment for this is Psychotherapy in which one can identify the main causes or reasons which prompts someone to self-violate. Psychotherapy has different types which includes
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
Dialectical behaviour therapy
There is no Medication to treat self-mutilation behaviour. Other psychiatric hospitalizations are also used and these are often short-term and seemed to be very effective.