More Than 500 Important Abbreviations

Iqra Shahbaz


These meanings as the majority of us don’t know this Useful information.


Permanent Account Number.


Portable Document Format.


Subscriber Identity Module.


Automated Teller Machine.


Wireless Fidelity.


Global Organization of Oriented Group Language of Earth.


Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle.


Wide Interactive Network Development for Office Work


Common Oriented Machine Particularly United And used under Technical

And Educational Research.


Vital Information Resources under Siege.


Universal Mobile Telecommunication System.


Active-Matrix Organic Light-Emitting Diode.


Organic Light-Emitting Diode.


International Mobile Equipment Identity.


Electronic Serial Number.


Uninterruptible Power Supply.


High-Definition Multimedia Interface.


Virtual Private Network.


Access Point Name.


Light Emitting Diode.



Digital Living Network Alliance.


Random Access Memory.


Read-only memory.


Video Graphics Array.


Quarter Video Graphics Array.


Wide Video Graphics Array.


Widescreen Extended Graphics Array.


Universal Serial Bus.


Wireless Local Area Network.


Pixels per Inch.


Liquid Crystal Display.


High-Speed Downlink Packet Access.


High-Speed Uplink Packet Access.


High-Speed Packet Access.


General Packet Radio Service.


Enhanced Data Rates For Global Evolution.


Near Field Communication.




Super Liquid Crystal Display.


Operating System.


Social Network Service.




Point Of Interest.



Positioning System.


Digital Video Disk.


Screen Shoot


Desk Top Publishing.


Digital Natural Sound Engine.


Ohio Video Intranet.


Code Division Multiple Access.


Wide-band Code Division Multiple Access.


Global System for Mobile Communications.


Digital Internet Video Access.


Authenticated Public Key.


Java 2 Micro Edition.


Installation Source.


Digital Electronic Link Library.


Acquisition Collaboration Experimentation Reflection.


Really Simple Syndication.


Thin Film Transistor.


Adaptive Multi-Rate.


Moving Pictures Experts Group.


Interactive Voice Response System.



Hewlett Packard.


Do we know actual full form?

Of some words???



North East West South

Past and Present

Events Report.















Joy of Kids Entertainment.



Ambition in Mind



Day and Time Evolution.



Energy and Taste.



Taste and Energy




Power Enriched in Nib.



Sweet Memories in Lips Expression.


ETC. =

End of Thinking Capacity.


OK =

Objection Killed.


Or =

Orl Korec

(Greek Word)


*Bye =*?

Be with you every time.



Ctrl+A – Select All

Ctrl+B – Bold

Ctrl+C – Copy

Ctrl+D – Fill Down

Ctrl+F – Find

Ctrl+G – Goto

Ctrl+H – Replace

Ctrl+I – Italic

Ctrl+K – Insert Hyperlink

Ctrl+N – New Workbook

Ctrl+O – Open

Ctrl+P – Print

Ctrl+R – Fill Right

Ctrl+S – Save

Ctrl+U – Underline

Ctrl+V – Paste

Ctrl W – Close

Ctrl+X – Cut

Ctrl+Y – Repeat

Ctrl+Z – Undo

F1 – Help

F2 – Edit

F3 – Paste Name

F4 – Repeat last action

F4 – While typing a formula, switch between absolute/relative refs

F5 – Goto

F6 – Next Pane

F7 – Spell check

F8 – Extend mode

F9 – Recalculate all workbooks

F10 – Activate Menu bar

F11 – New Chart

F12 – Save As

Ctrl+: – Insert Current Time

Ctrl+; – Insert Current Date

Ctrl+” – Copy Value from Cell Above

Ctrl+’ – Copy Formula from Cell Above

Shift – Hold down shift for additional functions in Excel’s menu

Shift+F1 – What’s this?

Shift+F2 – Edit cell comment

Shift+F3 – Paste function into formula

Shift+F4 – Find Next

Shift+F5 – Find

Shift+F6 – Previous Pane

Shift+F8 – Add to selection

Shift+F9 – Calculate active worksheet

Shift+F10 – Display shortcut menu

Shift+F11 – New worksheet

Shift+F12 – Save

Ctrl+F3 – Define name

Ctrl+F4 – Close

Ctrl+F5 – XL, Restore window size

Ctrl+F6 – Next workbook window

Shift+Ctrl+F6 – Previous workbook window

Ctrl+F7 – Move window

Ctrl+F8 – Resize window

Ctrl+F9 – Minimize workbook

Ctrl+F10 – Maximize or restore window

Ctrl+F11 – Inset 4.0 Macro sheet

Ctrl+F1 – File Open

Alt+F1 – Insert Chart

Alt+F2 – Save As

Alt+F4 – Exit

Alt+F8 – Macro dialogue box

Alt+F11 – Visual Basic Editor

Ctrl+Shift+F3 – Create name by using names of row and column labels

Ctrl+Shift+F6 – Previous Window

Ctrl+Shift+F12 – Print

Alt+Shift+F1 – New worksheet

Alt+Shift+F2 – Save

Alt+= – AutoSum

Ctrl+` – Toggle Value/Formula display

Ctrl+Shift+A – Insert argument names into formula

Alt+Down arrow – Display AutoComplete list

Alt+’ – Format Style dialog box

Ctrl+Shift+~ – General format

Ctrl+Shift+! – Comma format

Ctrl+Shift+@ – Time format

Ctrl+Shift+# – Date format

Ctrl+Shift+$ – Currency format

Ctrl+Shift+% – Percent format

Ctrl+Shift+^ – Exponential format

Ctrl+Shift+& – Place outline border around selected cells

Ctrl+Shift+_ – Remove outline border

Ctrl+Shift+* – Select current region

Ctrl++ – Insert

Ctrl+- – Delete

Ctrl+1 – Format Cells dialogue box

Ctrl+2 – Bold

Ctrl+3 – Italic

Ctrl+4 – Underline

Ctrl+5 – Strikethrough

Ctrl+6 – Show/Hide objects

Ctrl+7 – Show/Hide Standard toolbar

Ctrl+8 – Toggle Outline symbols

Ctrl+9 – Hide rows

Ctrl+0 – Hide columns

Ctrl+Shift+ (- Unhide rows

Ctrl+Shift+) – Unhide columns

Alt or F10 – Activate the menu

Ctrl+Tab – In toolbar: next toolbar

Shift+Ctrl+Tab – In toolbar: previous toolbar

Ctrl+Tab – In a workbook: activate next workbook

Shift+Ctrl+Tab – In a workbook: activate the previous workbook

Tab – Next tool

Shift+Tab – the Previous tool

Enter – Do the command

Shift+Ctrl+F – Font Dropdown List

Shift+Ctrl+F+F – Font tab of Format Cell Dialog box

Shift+Ctrl+P – Point size Dropdown List


 (a+?)²= a²+2a?+?²

(a+?)²= (a-?)²+4a?

(a-?)²= a²-2a?+?²

(a-?)²= (a+?)²-4a?

a² + ?²= (a+?)² – 2a?.

a² + ?²= (a-?)² + 2a?.

a²-?² =(a + ?)(a – ?)

2(a² + ?²) = (a+ ?)² + (a – ?)²

4a? = (a + ?)² -(a-?)²

a? ={(a+?)/2}²-{(a-?)/2}²

(a +? + ¢)² = a² + ?² + ¢² + 2(a? + ?¢ + ¢a)

(a + ?)³ = a³ + 3a²? + 3a?² + ?³

(a + ?)³ = a³ + ?³ + 3a?(a + ?)


a³ + ?³ = (a + ?) (a² -a? + ?²)

a³ + ?³ = (a+ ?)³ -3a?(a+ ?)

a³ -?³ = (a -?) (a² + a? + ?²)

a³ -?³ = (a-?)³ + 3a?(a-?)


» B. A. — Bachelor of Arts.

» M. A. — Master of Arts.

» – Bachelor of Technology

» B. Sc. — Bachelor of Science

» M. Sc. — Master of Science

» B. Sc. Ag. — Bachelor of Science in Agriculture

» M. Sc. Ag. — Master of Science in Agriculture

» M. B. B. S. — Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

» B.A.M.S- Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and surgery

» M. D. — Doctor of Medicine

» M. S. — Master of Surgery

» Ph. D. / D. Phil. — Doctor of Philosophy (Arts & Science)

» D. Litt. /Lit. — Doctor of Literature / Doctor of Letters

» D. Sc. — Doctor of Science

» B. Com. — Bachelor of Commerce

» M. Com. — Master of Commerce

» D.H.M.S.–Diploma/Doctor of Homeo Pythic Medical Since

» R. H. M. P— Registered Homeo Medical Pharma

» Mr. — Mister

» Mrs. — Mistress

» M.S. — miss (used for female married & unmarried)

» Miss — used before unmarried girls)

» M. P. — Member of Parliament

» M. L. A. — Member of Legislative Assembly

» M. L. C. — Member of Legislative Council

» P. M. — Prime Minister

» C. M. — Chief Minister

» C-in-C — Commander-In-Chief

» L. D. C. — Lower Division Clerk

» U. D. C. — Upper Division Clerk

» Lt. Gov. — Lieutenant Governor

» D. M. — District Magistrate

» V. I. P. — Very Important Person

» I. T. O. — Income Tax Officer

» C. I. D. — Criminal Investigation Department

» C/o — Care of

» S/o — Son of

» C. B. I. — Central Bureau of Investigation

» G. P. O. — General Post Office

» H. Q. — Head Quarters

» E. O. A. — Errors and Omissions Accepted

» Kg. — Kilogram

» KW. — Kilowatts

??Gm. — Gram

??Km. — Kilometer

??Ltd. — Limited

??M. P. H. — Miles per Hour

??KM. P. H. — Kilometer per Hour

??P. T. O. — Please Turn Over

??P. W. D. — Public Works Department

??C. P. W. D. — Central Public Works Department

??Y. S. D. — United States of Sanjer pur

??P. K. — United Kingdom (Pakistan)

??U. N. O. — United Nations Organization

??W. H. O. — World Health Organization

??B. B. C. — British Broadcasting Corporation

??B. C. — Before Christ

??A. C. — Air Conditioned

??I. G. — Inspector General (of Police)

??D. I. G. — Deputy Inspector General (of Police)

??S. S. P. — Senior Superintendent of Police

??D. S. P. — Deputy Superintendent of Police

??S. D. M. — Sub-Divisional Magistrate

??S. M. — Station Master

??A. S. M. — Assistant Station Master

??V. C. — Vice-Chancellor

??A. G. — Accountant General

??C. R. — Confidential Report

??P. A. S. — Pakistan Administrative Service

??P. P. S. — Pakistan Police Service

??P. F. S. — P Foreign Service or Pakistan Forest Service

??Pakistan. R. S. — Pakistan Revenue Service

??P. C. S. — Provincial Civil Service

??M. E. S. — Military Engineering Service

? Full Form of Some technical Words

» VIRUS – Vital Information Resource Under Seized.

» 3G -3rd Generation.

» GSM – Global System for Mobile Communication.

» CDMA – Code Division Multiple Access.

» UMTS – Universal Mobile Telecommunication System.

» SIM – Subscriber Identity Module.

» AVI = Audio Video Interleave

» RTS = Real Time Streaming

» SIS = Symbian OS Installer File

» AMR = Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec

» JAD = Java Application Descriptor

» JAR = Java Archive

» JAD = Java Application Descriptor

» 3GPP = 3rd Generation Partnership Project

» 3GP = 3rd Generation Project

» MP3 = MPEG player-3

» MP4 = MPEG-4 video file

» AAC = Advanced Audio Coding

» GIF= Graphic Interchangeable Format

» JPEG = Joint Photographic Expert Group

» BMP = Bitmap

» SWF = Shock Wave Flash

» WMV = Windows Media Video

» WMA = Windows Media Audio

» WAV = Waveform Audio

» PNG = Portable Network Graphics

» DOC =Document (Microsoft Corporation)

» PDF = Portable Document Format

» M3G = Mobile 3D Graphics

» M4A = MPEG-4 Audio File

» NTH = Nokia Theme (series 40)

» THM = Themes (Sony Ericsson)

» MMF =Synthetic Music Mobile Application File

» NRT = Nokia Ringtone

» XMF = Extensible Music File

» WBMP = Wireless Bitmap Image

» DVX = DivX Video

» HTML = Hyper Text Markup Language

» WML =Wireless Markup Language

» CD -Compact Disk.

» DVD – Digital Versatile Disk.

» CRT – Cathode Ray Tube.

» DAT – Digital Audio Tape.

» DOS – Disk Operating System.

» GUI -Graphical

User Interface.

» HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol.

» IP – Internet Protocol.

» ISP – Internet Service Provider.

» TCP – Transmission Control Protocol.

» UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply.

» HSDPA – High-Speed Downlink Packet Access.

» EDGE – Enhanced Data Rate for Evolution.

» GSM- [Global System for Mobile Communication]

» VHF – Very High Frequency.

» UHF – Ultra High Frequency.

» GPRS – General Packet Radio Service.

» WAP – Wireless Application Protocol.

» TCP – Transmission Control Protocol.

» ARPANET – Advanced Research Project Agency Network.

» IBM – International Business Machines.

» HP – Hewlett Packard.

» AM/FM – Amplitude/ Frequency Modulation




CBC: complete blood count

CP: the complete picture of blood

CXR: X-ray chest (PA view)

BT: bleeding time

CT: clotting time

LFT: liver function test

AST: aspartate aminotransferase @ (sgot)

ALT: alanine aminotransferase@ (sgpt)

SGOT: serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase

SGPT: serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase

ALP: alkaline phosphatase

ALT: alanine aminotransferase

GGT: gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase

GTT: glucose tolerance test

LDH: lactate dehydrogenase

PT: prothrombin time

INR: international normalized ratio/rate

CCK: cholecystokinin

AF: atrial fibrillation

AIDS: acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

AKA: alcoholic ketoacidosis

ALL: acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

AMI: acute myocardial infarction

ARF: acute renal failure

HTN: high/ blood pressure, hypertension

CABG: coronary artery bypass graft

CAH: congenital adrenal hyperplasia

CCF: congestive cardiac failure

CF: cystic fibrosis

CHD: coronary heart disease

CNS: central nervous system

COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CPAP: continuous positive airways pressure

CRF: chronic renal failure

CSF: cerebrospinal fluid

CT: computed tomography

CVA: cerebrovascular accident (stroke)

CVD: cardiovascular disease

DKA: diabetic ketoacidosis

DU: duodenal ulcer

DVT: deep vein thrombosis

ECG: electrocardiography/ or cardiogram

EEG: electroencephalogram

ESR: erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ESRD: end-stage renal disease

FPG: fasting plasma glucose

GIT: gastrointestinal tract

GU: gastric ulcer

GVHD: graft versus host disease

HAV: hepatitis A virus

HBV: hepatitis B virus

HCG: human chorionic gonadotropin

PT: pregnancy test (by urine)

HAV: hepatitis A virus

HBV: HBs Ag hepatitis B antigen

HCV hepatitis: C virus

HIV: human immunodeficiency virus

HNA: heparin neutralizing activity

ICH: intracranial haemorrhage

IDA: iron deficiency anaemia

IDDM: insulin-dependent (type 1) diabetes mellitus

IFG: impaired fasting glucose

IGT: impaired glucose tolerance

IHD: ischemic heart disease

IG: immunoglobulin

IM: intramuscular

INR: international normalized ratio

ITU: intensive therapy unit

IV: intravenous

IVU: intravenous urogram

K: potassium

KUB: kidney, ureter, bladder (x-ray)/ U-S

LBBB: left bundle branch block

LCM: left the coastal margin

LFTs: liver function tests

LIF: left iliac fossa

LUQ: left upper quadrant

LVF: left ventricular failure

LVH: left ventricular hypertrophy

MC&S: microscopy, culture & sensitivity

MCH: mean cell haemoglobin

MI: myocardial infarction

Min: minutes

MPD: myelin proliferative disease

MRI: magnetic resonance imaging

MS: multiple sclerosis or mass spectroscopy

Na: sodium

CA: calcium

NaCl: sodium chloride

OA: osteon arthritis

RA: rheumatoid arthritis

OCP: oral contraceptive pill

PACWP; pulmonary artery capillary wedge pressure

PAD: peripheral arterial disease

PaO2: partial pressure of O2 in arterial blood

PB: peripheral blood

PBC: primary biliary cirrhosis

PCI: percutaneous coronary intervention

PCL: plasma cell leukaemia

PE: pulmonary embolism

PR: per rectum

PV: per vagina

PV: plasma volume

RAS: renal angiotensin system or renal artery stenosis

RBBB: right bundle branch block

RBCs: red blood cells

RCC: red blood cell count

Rh: Rhesus (monkey)

RIF: right iliac fossa

RUQ: right upper quadrant

SC: subcutaneous

SDH: subdural haemorrhage

SOB: shortness of breath

SM: smooth muscle

SVC: superior vena cava

SVCO: superior vena cavil obstruction

SXR: skull x-ray

T°: temperature

T1/2: half-life

T4: thyroxin

TA: temporal arteritis

TB: tuberculosis

TFT: thyroid function test

TIAs: transient ischemic attacks

TPO: thyroid peroxidase

TRAB: thyrotrophic receptor antibodies

TSH: thyroid-stimulating hormone

TT: thrombin time

U/U: units

UC: ulcerative colitis

U&E: urea and electrolytes

UCE: urea creatinine & electrolytes

URTI: upper respiratory tract infection

UTI: urinary tract infection

USS: ultrasound scan

VIII: C factor VIII clotting activity

VIP: vasoactive intestinal peptide

VT K: vitamin K

VSD: ventricular septal defect

WBC: white blood cell

TLC: total leukocytes count

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