LAST 25 YEARS UNIQUE TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS

Muhammad Bilal Qadir

LAST 25 YEARS UNIQUE TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS

AIRCRAFT’S

Spaceship One

Invention:

Spaceship one was invented by aeronautical engineer Burt Rutan and his company Scaled Composites in June 2004.

What is Spaceship one?

It is specifically designed for sub-orbital flights to 100 km elevation. It is a three place and highly elevated research rocket.

Shape:

It is 28 feet long. Its shape is like cigar and its diameter is 5 feet. It carries single pilot and two passengers. It has tiny, comprehensive wings with a 16 foot span. Huge perpendicular tail booms were attached on the finish of each wing. The last half of the wings doubled upward during reentry which increases drag while sustaining constancy. Then the wings moved back into gliding position for landing.

Achievement:

Won the $10 million Ansari X Prize.

Collier Trophy in 2004.

National Air and Space Museum Trophy

 

F35 Lightening ǀǀ

Invention:

F35 Lightening ǀǀ was invented by Lockheed Martin Aeronautics in December 2006.

What is F35 Lightening ǀǀ?

The F-35 Lightning II is a 5th Generation fighter, combining progressive secrecy with fighter speed and quickness, fully merged sensor information, network-supported operations and maintenance. It is basically used for s It is basically used for secret missions.

Variants:

There are three variants of the F-35 Lightening II.

All individual seat jets: the F-35A typical departure and landing (CTOL).

 The F-35B short takeoff/vertical landing (STOVL).

 F-35C carrier variant (CV).

Shape:

Its fundamental design helps to attain low observable (LO) secrecy performance. It is unique because of its outdoor shape, indoor presence of weapons and fuel, fixed mission systems sensors, and state of the art industrialized.

Milestones:

  1. First F-35B Deliveries to MCAS Yuma
  2. Air start Testing
  3. High Angle of Attack Testing
  4. First International F-35 delivery to the UK

PAK FA T-50

Invention:

Pak FA T-50 was invented by Sukhoi (Russia) in January 2010.

What is PAK FA T-50

Fifth generation fighter program of the Russian Air Force. The T-50 is the name of prototype air craft.

Shape

The air craft is a stealthy, single seat, twin engine jet fighter.

Use:

It is a multiple role fighter designed for air superiority and attack roles.

  MEDICAL SCIENCES

Electronic Aspirin

Invented by Autonomic Technologies, Inc., (Redwood City, CA) in 2016 (under testing)

For people who suffer from migraines, cluster headaches, and other causes of chronic, excruciating head or facial pain, a technology under clinical investigation is a patient-powered tool for blocking SPG signals at the first sign of a headache.

The system involves the long-lasting graft of a minor nerve inspiring device in the upper gum on the side of the head usually pretentious by headache.

The top tip of the graft connects with the SPG bundle, and when a patient sanities the start of a headache, he or she places a handheld remote controller on the cheek nearest the graft.

The resulting signals encourage the SPG nerves and chunk the pain-producing neurotransmitters.

Needle-Free Diabetes Care

Invented by Echo Therapeutics (Philadelphia, PA) is developing technologies in 2016.

A transdermal biosensor that reads blood analyses through the skin without drawing blood for checking glucose level in case of diabetes.

The technology involves a handheld electric-toothbrush-like device that removes just enough top-layer skin cells to put the patient’s blood chemistry within signal range of a patch-borne biosensor.

The sensor collects one reading per minute and sends the data wirelessly to a remote monitor, triggering audible alarms when levels go out of the patient’s optimal range and tracking glucose levels over time.

A Valve Job with Heart

Invented by Edwards Life Sciences (Irvine, CA) in 2015-16

The Sapientranscatheter aortic valve is a life-saving alternative to open-heart surgery for patients who need a new valve but can’t endure the rigors of the operation.

The Sapien has been available in Europe for some time but is only now finding its first use in U.S. heart centers—where it is limited only to the frailest patients thus far.

The Sapien valve is guided through the femoral artery by catheter from a small incision near the grown or rib cage. The valve material is made of bovine tissue attached to a stainless-steel stent, which is expanded by inflating a small balloon when correctly placed in the valve space.

A simpler procedure that promises dramatically shorter hospitalizations is bound to have a positive effect on the cost of care.

   FOOD PRODUCTION

These are innovative food projects aiming to connect eaters and producers. The growth in farmer’s market and increasing interest in local food and transparency is bringing closer the producers to eaters for restoring lost culinary traditions and youth to choose in from agriculture.

1-Developing innovations in school and community cultivations (UGANDA)-Edward Mukiibi and Roger Sserun jogi in collaboration with Slow Food International strengthen relationship between young people and traditional healthy food.

2-Know your Farmer know your Food (USA)-Generally known as KYF2 provides diversified new range of new farming procedures and sales for experienced farmers and allow consumers to learn origin of their food.

3-Tackiling the Agriculture-Nutrition Disconnects (India)-This International food policy Research Institute program information-sharing (as a platform) for agricultural education, health and food.

4-Fresh from Finland (FINLAND)-The use of local food to bring about generation of eaters for whom food serves as a vehicle of connection.

5-Manna from Our Roof (ITALY) – A campaign by Federica Mara (field-to-fork-loop) where roof tops are used as gardens through traditional techniques.

                           Cinema

The world of cinema serves as a greatest entertaining specimen and history of cinema is as rich as this glamorous world itself is. To jot down the series of innovations in cinematic technology is difficult but let’s see those awesome innovations that marked the history of cinema. These technologies can be divided into two phases

Phase 1(1900 to 1970’s)

Phase 2(1970’s onwards)

Phase 1 includes sound (to capture images and synchronous sounds simultaneously).

Color (up gradation from monochrome to more realistic color palette of world at large).

Matte Composition (Change of footage from time consuming green screen technology to blue hue and finally to fantastical colorful screen using CGI).

Dolly and Steadicam (Cameras) dolly in early 1900’s allowed for smooth movement of motion pictures along a limited axis. Steadicam in 1970’s allowed seamlessly joining images even on rougher surface.

Phase 2.Nonlinera editing (digital video editing system popular in 1970’s for final cut pro).

CGI(computer generated images) a lab technology later adopted by movie studios paved the way for modern sci-fi giving the blockbusters of Hollywood like Terminator , Toy Story, Jurassic Park etc.

Digital Cameras (started by Sony pictures in late 1980’s although cost-effective but time savior becomes the hallmark of movie world.

                         EDUCATION

Education is the backbone of nation and no doubt education in Pakistan has undergone many theoretical and philosophical changes in last few decades.

All around the globe numerous innovations in education has taken place.

Robot teachers, forest kindergarten, 3-D learning, literacy brigades and paperless classrooms (by Smithsonian.com) are newly undertaken projects for raising educational standards.

 In Pakistan the courtesy of International Education Foundation and UNICEF some innovations are introduced to achieve 100% literacy rate.

1-In major cities of Punjab (Lahore, Islamabad, Rawalpindi) unique projects like Britannica Learning Tools (Lahore) for smart math’s, 3-D learning (Rawalpindi) through CAD courses and Broad class-Listen to Learn (Islamabad) instructional radio program for in and out of school children.

The notable thing about these programs is that they aim the under privileged class.

2-In Baluchistan especially Quetta and Ghaddani instructional courses like non-formal education and English and Computer literacy center are working with the help of Grapes and Development Resources solution.

3-In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa innovative programs like llm on Wheels (mobile van) Digital study Hall (learning and pedagogy) at the same time through video lessons.

4-In Sindh to make education accessible to remote areas programs like Community based learning and Girls Secondary school Certificates are running successfully with the help of Sindh Radiant Organization.

               RANDOM TECHNOLOGIES

1-Google glasses

Google glasses are also known as project glasses. It was developed by the Foxconn manufacturers with the mission of producing ubiquitous computer in February 2013.Wearers communicated with the Internet via natural language voice commands. On January 15, 2015, Google announced that it would stop producing the Google Glass prototype but remained committed to the development of the product.

2-LED Headlights

Because of their long life, fast switching times, and their ability to be seen in broad daylight due to their high output and focus, LEDs have been used in headlights for cars since 1990s.The most important aspect when it comes to LED headlights is the fact that they need very low power to work. LEDs are for instance used on Toyota Prius and on a couple of other hybrids on which electricity plays a key role.

Advantages

Thanks to their small size, LEDs allow great manipulation, thus allowing producers to create all kinds of shapes and assemblies that would perfectly match their models.

3- Wireless Headsets

These wireless headsets were designed in January 2001. The wireless headset allows the user to talk on their cell phone while being hands free. This was the perfect discovery for those in the workforce or for those trying to juggle other components like driving or holding children while simultaneously holding a conversation.

4-Smart Pills

Smart pills were invented in 1992.These pills control the amount of medicine it releases. It was invented by Jerome Schentag. These pills are now used by almost every pill making company.

5-Texting

Texting was first used in 1993 by Riku Pihkonen in Finland. He used two Nokia mobile phones. He also used the first text messaging network Radio linja. Radio linja became the first network to proposal a commercial individual-to-individual SMS text messaging service in 1994. Telecom Finland also initiated SMS text messaging in 1995 and the 2 networks open cross-network SMS functionality, Finland became the 1st country where SMS text messaging was open on a reasonable as well as on a commercial basis.

6-Genetically Engineered Food

Genetic engineering is basically a system of altering an organism’s genetics. It is very useful reaching from varying bacteria to varying crops. Genetically modified food or GM food also known as Genetically engineered food are foods produced from creatures that have had alterations presented into their DNA using the procedures of genetic engineering. Profitable sale of genetically modified foods initiated in 1994.

                       DNA PROFILING

DNA profiling (also called DNA fingerprinting, DNA testing, or DNA typing) is a forensic technique used to identify individuals by characteristics of their DNA. A DNA profile is a minor group of DNA variants that is very expected to be unlike in all dissimilar individuals, thereby being as distinctive to individuals as are fingerprints (hence the alternate name for the technique). DNA profiling should not be tangled with all genome sequencing. First developed and used in 1985, DNA profiling is used in, for example, parentage testing and criminal investigation, to identify a person or to place a person at a crime scene, techniques which are now employed globally in forensic science to facilitate police detective work and help clarify paternity and immigration disputes. DNA fingerprinting has also been widely used in the study of animal and floral populations and has revolutionized the fields of zoology, botany, and agriculture.

       Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), also known as nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, is a technique for generating comprehensive pictures of the human body. The technique uses a very powerful magnet to align the nuclei of atoms inside the body, and a variable magnetic field that causes the atoms to resonate, a phenomenon called nuclear magnetic resonance. The nuclei produce their own rotating magnetic fields that a scanner detects and uses to create an image.

                  Light Emitting Diodes

light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source. It is a p–n junction diode, which produces light when triggered. When a suitable voltage is functional to the leads, electrons are capable to join with electron holes again inside the device, discharging energy in the shape of photons. This influence is called electroluminescence, and the color of the light is resolute by the energy band gap of the semiconductor. An LED is frequently minor in area (less than 1 mm2) and joined visual constituents may be used to form its radiation arrangement.

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