India Ranked As The Most Dangerous Country For Women In The World
According to a poll by the Thomson Reuters Foundation, India is the world’s most dangerous country for women due to the higher risk of sexual violence, women trafficking, backward cultural practices and being forced into slave labor. Taking birth as a daughter in India can be said as a curse. A lot of social problems are being faced by women from the beginning of their life. Female infanticide (killing girl child in mother’s womb) is the most common practice in India. The woman is considered a burden for parents and husband. Gender discrimination is another common issue being faced by an Indian woman from birth and continues until their death. They are considered inferior to men. There are many parents who wish to have only baby boy and allow education to boys only. Still in the modern age women, education level in India is less than men. Above 63% of women in rural areas remain illiterate. Women status for them is just to keep family healthy and happy. Dowry and Bride burning is another serious issue faced by women of the middle or low-class family after the marriage. Groom’s family perform bride burning in case of lack of fulfilled dowry demand. According to the report of The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) (2015), due to dowry harassment about 7,634 women died in the country. Over dowry demand, they were either forced to commit suicide or burnt alive. This year, till March 15, due to dowry harassment 31 women died according to Delhi Police. According to the women and child development official, domestic violence is another widespread problem affecting nearly 70% of Indian women by the husband or other members of the family. Women’s trafficking is another serious challenge. About 15,000 cases were recorded in India in 2016, and 2/3rd victims were under the age of 18, sold into domestic servitude and sex slavery. Even five activists who had played a role to promote awareness about women trafficking were raped at gunpoint in the state of Jharkhand.
To escape from dowry early girl marriages in Indian rural areas are also highly practiced. Girls do not have property rights like boys. Women belonging to lower-middle-class families also face inadequate nutrition which affects their later life. In the Indian society, widows are considered as worthless. They are forced to wear white clothes and are poorly treated. Despite rape laws in 2013 sexual abuse is still widespread in India. In 2016 the rape of children girls increased by 82% compared with the previous year (National Crimes Records Bureau). 95% of rapists were not strangers but friends, family, and neighbors. According to Indian Government data, crime against women between 2007 and 2016, rose by 83% while, four cases of rape reported every hour. Survivors of rape and sexual attack even face unbelievable violence when they try to seek out justice. Pressure from authoritative interests combined with the social humiliation linked with sexual assault ensures that many women do not report sexual attack or rape at all.
The 2012 gang rape and murder of a 23-year-old physiotherapy student, Jyoti Singh, in New Delhi caused widespread protests and drew international attention over violence against women. It was observed as an inflection point for the safety of Indian women. It initiated extensive calls and strikes for change. However, the women and girls are facing extreme violence in the conservative and male dominant country despite the improved schemes like Beti Bachao (save girls), Beti Padhao (educate girls) launched by the Modi government.
The last time Thomson Reuters Foundation conducted the poll, India ranked 4th behind Afghanistan, Congo, and Pakistan. While 2018 survey listed India as the most dangerous country for women. The results of the poll come just a few months after two dreadful child rape cases highlighting a distressing trend of increasing sexual violence against children.
The world’s five most dangerous countries for women:
Ranking in 2011 Ranking in 2018
Somalia Saudi Arabia
This is the dark side of the Indian society that dignity and safety of millions of its women have become a distant dream.