HUMAN CLONING HUMAN DIGNITY AN ETHICAL INQUIRY
One of the arguments that is often put forward in the discussion of human cloning is that is itself wrong to create a copy of a human being. Some of these points are discussed here.
Though human cloning is unethical, cloning organs or body parts for therapeutic or medical purposes is ethical.
- It could eliminate defective genes.
- It is considered as the logical next step in reproductive technology.
- It is an innovation that can change the world in a positive way.
- It aids in faster recovery from traumatic injuries
- It gives a new meaning to genetic modification.
- It could eliminate infertility.
- It can cure some disorders.
Instead of all these advantages we should have to say no to clones because of the following points.
- It interferes with nature.
- It can bring forth a reduced sense of individuality.
- It can cause a divide among people.
- It goes against religious ethics.
- It might decrease the overall value of human life.
Human Cloning and Human Dignity:
WHY & FOR WHAT PURPOSE WOULD ANYONE WANT TO PERFORM HUMAN CLONING ?
Human cloning may be concern for two general purposes.
- One of the main potential used of cloning that generally used in different countries rather than Pakistan would be to produce children who would be genetically virtually identical to pre-existing individuals.
- Another used would be to produce cloned embryos for research or therapy, this use of cloning is use all over the countries
For example, a researcher may want to create a cloned embryo which should then be taken apart to yield embryonic stem cells that could potentially be used in biomedical research or therapies. The different cloning Council has termed the first use “cloning-to-produce-children” and the second “cloning-for-biomedical-research.”
SOCIAL AWARENESS ABOUT CLONING PROCEDURE:
- The foreign DNA and plasmid are cut the same restriction enzyme, which recognizes a particular sequence of DNA called a restriction site. The restriction site occurs only once in the plasmid and is located within the lacZ gene. A gene necessary for metabolizing lactose.
- The restriction enzyme creates sticky ends that allow the foreign DNA and cloning vector to anneal. An enzyme called ligase glues the annealed fragments together.
- The ligated cloning vector is transformed into a bacterial host strain that is ampicillin sensitive and is missing the lacZ gene from the genome.
- Bacteria are grown on media containing ampicillin and x-gel, a chemical that is metabolized by the same pathway as lactose. The ampicillin kills bacteria without plasmid. Plasmid lacking the foreign insert have an intact lacZ gene and are able to metabolize x-gel, releasing a dye that turn the colony blue. Plasmid with an insert have a disrupted lacZ gene and produce white colonies.
Cloning used to be something that was only portrayed in science fiction films and novels, but today, it is done in the real world and is one of the most controversial topics within the medical and scientific communities