From early ages we have been reading stories of ancient forest fires which were devastating enough to eradicate entire populations dependent on them. Also we have witnessed a good number of forest fires which have had no substantial initiation cause. But now a recent scientific study conducted by an international team of researchers led by Elisabeth Dietz, provides surprising answers

FOREST FIRES AND THEIR NOT SO NATURAL CAUSES, A RARE DISCOVERY
Bilal Tariq
Bilal Tariq

Forest Fires and Their Not So Natural Causes, A Rare Discovery

Keywords: Forest Fires, Rare Discovery, Elisabeth Dietz, Monoculture Trees, Trees of the same species, North Eastern Poland, Fire Regime, Tuchola Forest, Molecular Fire Makers, Flammable Pine Tree

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From early ages we have been reading stories of ancient forest fires which were devastating enough to eradicate entire populations dependent on them. Also we have witnessed a good number of forest fires which have had no substantial initiation cause. But now a recent scientific study conducted by an international team of researchers led by Elisabeth Dietz, provides surprising answers.

According to that research team, after the end of 18th century, number of forest fires were reported higher than ever with a variation in organized forestry. Organized forestry depicts that monoculture trees (trees of the same species) were planted in those forests during their restoring. For instance, in a region of north eastern Poland the research team presented scientific data pointing out that the frequency of forest fires had increased by two third of its original ratio.

According to that research team, after the end of 18th century, number of forest fires were reported higher than ever with a variation in organized forestry

Scientifically every landscape has its own probability of how fire behaves there. This phenomenon is better known as “fire regime”. Fire regimes are directly influenced by an area’s climatic conditions, vegetative patterns and landscape orientation. Any impactful interference of humans with any of these parameters can result in disruption of the forest regime of that area.  In their research, the researcher observed a temperate forest landscape around Lake Czechowskie in the bory tucholskie (English: tuchola forest) located in north eastern Poland. They made an effort to identify the extent to which forest management influenced the fire regime of that area. Molecular fire makers which include pieces of charcoal, molecules formed during biomass combustion, particulate matter (specifically sulfur contents). A majority of these molecular entities originated from drilling cores of lake sediments.

Scientifically every landscape has its own probability of how fire behaves there. This phenomenon is better known as “fire regime”. Fire regimes are directly influenced by an area’s climatic conditions, vegetative patterns and landscape orientation. Any impactful interference of humans with any of these parameters can result in disruption of the forest regime of that area.  In their research, the researcher observed a temperate forest landscape around Lake Czechowskie in the bory tucholskie (English: tuchola forest) located in north eastern Poland. They made an effort to identify the extent to which forest management influenced the fire regime of that area. Molecular fire makers which include pieces of charcoal, molecules formed during biomass combustion, particulate matter (specifically sulfur contents). A majority of these molecular entities originated from drilling cores of lake sediments.

In their research the team of scientists mentioned that human activities have caused two major changes in the fire regimes of the 19th and 20th century. One, the amount of biomass combustion increased unintendedly during the mid-19th century. In the process, forests were restructured with a huge addition of flammable pine tree monocultures crucial for industrialization. 

In their research the team of scientists mentioned that human activities have caused two major changes in the fire regimes of the 19th and 20th century. One, the amount of biomass combustion increased unintendedly during the mid-19th century. In the process, forests were restructured with a huge addition of flammable pine tree monocultures crucial for industrialization.
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