Alveena Aziz


Yesterday another golden era of Urdu language has come to an end. One of the most famous Pakistani Urdu satirist and legend, Mushtaq Ahmed Yusufi, has passed away. Yusufi was very a private person when it had come to his personal life. He hasn’t talked about that quite often. Yusufi has come from a Pathan Yousufzai family. His birthplace was Jaipur, Rajasthan. His father was a notable person who remained the Chairman of the municipality as well as the speaker of Jaipur legislative assembly. Yusufi has completed his early education from his native place. He has done his Bachelors in Arts from Agra University. Later he has earned his M.A philosophical and LLB degrees from the famous Aligarh Muslim University. He has migrated to Karachi after the partition of Pak-Indo subcontinent in 1947.

In 1961, Yousufi made his debut on the world of literacy by publishing his first ever book – Chiragh Talay. It was published under the category of ‘Tanz O Mazah’. It consists of 12 humorous and satirical essays.  Yusufi himself defined a good comical satire by comparing it to the coal that a coal is turned into a diamond if the fire within the coal, when it is burnt, is more than that burns outside. In Khakam Badahan (1970), Yusufi has continued the use of his typical figurative language including metaphors, poetry, and proverbs in all of the 8 comical essays. His third book was Zarguzasht  that was published in 1976. It is a bit different book. It is a kind of fictional autobiography where Yusufi isn’t a key character and he has let the reader decide that which character exactly depicts him.  His next book was Aab-e-Gum (1990) in which he has beautifully and mockingly described the nostalgic feelings of the people who have witnessed the partition of Indo-Pak subcontinent. Those people have not only endured the loss of home but also the loss of customs and norms. Yusufi has then taken a lengthy gap and has written his last masterpiece Sham-e-Shair-e-Yaraan  in 2014. The book consists of various addresses and speeches on different occasions.


Apart from being an excellent ironical writer, Yusufi was a very proficient and vigilant banker.  Soon after the migration, he has joined the MCB in 1950 and later he has become the Deputy General of the bank. He has also served the Allied Bank as a Managing Director in 1965. In 1974, he became the president of UBL. He has received numerous awards including Sitara-e-Imtiaz, Hilal-e-Imtiaz, Hijra Award,  Quaid-e-Azam memorial medal, Pakistan Academy of Letters Award for ‘Best Book’ in 1990 and Adamjee Award for ‘Best Book’ from Government of Pakistan which were given to him for the sake of acknowledgment of his services. His demise created a huge space in the progress of the Urdu literature which could never be filled again. May Allah Blessed him with the highest rank in Jannah.

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