Cancer is actually the abnormal growth of cells in the body. Sometimes, normally growing mechanism of cell growth in the body fails to work then our old cells start to grow abnormally. This abnormal growth of the old cells in the body makes tumor. Moreover, changes in DNA (mutations) are also major cause of cancer. Immune system of the human body detects the abnormal growth and tries to kill the cancerous cells but this is not enough to get rid of cancer. Carcinoma, leukemia, sarcoma, lymphoma and melanoma are major five types of cancer. There are number of most common types of cancer that include lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, stomach cancer and skin cancer. Cancer can be cured successfully on the early detection in the patients. Cancer is the second death causing disease in humans after heart attack.

Early Detection of Cancer Can Save Lives
Faiqa Afzal
Faiqa Afzal

EARLY DETECTION OF CANCER CAN SAVE LIVES

Introduction:

Abnormally growing cells in the body known as cancer. The abnormally growing cells form tumors that having the ability to spread to other parts of the body rapidly. Tumors formed as the result of abnormal growth are of two types i.e. benign tumor and malignant tumor. Tumors that don’t move from one part of the body to other parts are called benign tumors. While the tumors that move to other parts of the body are called malignant tumors. There are many causes of cancer that include tobacco consumption, obesity, malnutrition, ionization exposure, environmental pollutants, no physical activities and use of alcohol. It is reported that there are about 22% deaths due to consumption of tobacco. Genetic inheritance is another major cause of cancer that contributes about 5 to 10%. Different signs and symptoms show that human has cancer and further it is verified by various types of screening tests.  Breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer and colorectal cancer are common in females. While most common cancer types in males are stomach cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer. The risk of cancer is increasing with the age.

Cancer:

Cancer is actually the abnormal growth of cells in the body. Sometimes, normally growing mechanism of cell growth in the body fails to work then our old cells start to grow abnormally. This abnormal growth of the old cells in the body makes tumor. Moreover, changes in DNA (mutations) are also major cause of cancer. Immune system of the human body detects the abnormal growth and tries to kill the cancerous cells but this is not enough to get rid of cancer. Carcinoma, leukemia, sarcoma, lymphoma and melanoma are major five types of cancer. There are number of most common types of cancer that include lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, stomach cancer and skin cancer. Cancer can be cured successfully on the early detection in the patients. Cancer is the second death causing disease in humans after heart attack.

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Symptoms:

There are many symptoms and signs shown by the patients that help for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. In most cases, cancer grows in a person without showing any type of symptoms in early stages. And at the end, cancer is detected on last stages. We should not ignore a minor disturbance in our body; so that we are able to avoid a major lose. Some of the symptoms shown in cancer are:

  • Abnormally bleeding,

  • Anemia,

  • Cough that prolongs,

  • Fever,

  • Night sweats,

  • Weight loss suddenly,

  • Lump formation in breast,

  • Blood in stool,

  • Abnormal changes in urination,

  • Improper digestion,

  • Bowl movement changes

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Causes:

There are many factors that are involved in causes of cancer are:

  • Ionization exposure,

  • Use of artificial sweeteners,

  • Tobacco consumption,

  • And use of alcohol,

  • Malnutrition,

  • Environmental pollutants,

  • Obesity,

  • No physical activities (no health activities),

  • Life-style related factors and

  • Genetic inheritance from parents

Detection:

Detection of cancer carries out with the number of tests for example screening, blood test, urinalysis, and complete blood count and tumor markers. Screening is the basic technique or test to detect cancer and its various stages. For example, by the help of screening we can do early detection of colorectal cancer and cervical cancer. It is said that screening tests are also important in detection of breast cancer but this is not sure and still controversial. Detection of cancer can also be carried out by blood test. Detection tests of cancer are successfully carried out by various advance technologies for example PET (positron emission tomography), SPECT (single-photon emission computed tomography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), optical imaging, US (ultrasound) and x-ray.

Treatment:

Numbers of treatments are in use to treat the cancer for example chemotherapy, targeted therapy, hormone therapy, stem cell transplant, radiation therapy and surgery. Success of treatment depends upon on two factors, first is the type of cancer faced by the patient and second factor is stage of disease at the time of diagnosis. Among all the cancer treatments, surgery is the most successful treatment. There are 80% chances of success treatment of cancer in children who are under 15 at the time of diagnosis in the countries of developed world. Banana acts like blessing for the patients of cancer because it is easy to swallow and provide essential nutrients like toB6, vitamin C and manganese to the patient for recovery. Like banana, there are some other fruit that play same beneficial and healthy role in the treatment of cancer are mangoes, strawberry, pears, avocadoes, kiwi and figs. In vegetables, pumpkin, peas, cauliflower, tomatoes, carrots and broccoli have proved healthy and beneficial for the patients of cancer. Other than fruits and vegetables, dairy products, nuts and fish are healthy food for getting relief or avoid the cancer. The patients of cancer should avoid to intake vitamins supplements because high dose of vitamins acts like antioxidants during chemotherapy and cause interference in the treatment.

Preventive measures:

Cancer like diseases can be prevented by the early detection and by following preventive measures. Many preventive measures are useful through which we can avoid many types of cancers. For example:

  • Avoid smoking,

  • Don’t use alcohol,

  • Try to maintain healthy weight,

  • Increase the use of fresh vegetables, whole grains and fruits,

  • Don’t use too much salts, sugars and oil,

  • Proper vaccination against various infectious diseases,

  • Don’t use continuously processed foods and red meat,

  • Avoid from too much exposure of sunlight.

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