Pandemic disease coronavirus severely affects the respiratory system causing symptoms such as cough, fever, runny nose and extreme shortness of breath and older adults (that are above from 50) are at the severe risk of illness from covid-19. There are severe complications coronavirus can have such as coronavirus may damage heart, liver and kidneys and in some people, it affects the blood and immune system. Some people are at more risk of severe complications than others and the risk can be even increased for those who are underlying health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease and lungs disease. The people with HIV positive, the people with asthma and pregnant women are also at the more risk and covid-19 can create many complications for them.

CORONAVIRUS MODE OF SPREAD COMPLICATIONS AND PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES
Iffat Yasmeen
Iffat Yasmeen

CORONAVIRUS MODE OF SPREAD COMPLICATIONS AND PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES

Coronavirus (covid-19) is a pandemic disease which is spreading all over the world. According to the world health (WHO) coronavirus are the family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Covid-19 appeared first in Wuhan, city in china in December 2019 and started to spread to other countries. Although the exact source of this fatal has not been identified yet. however, it is being traced by officials. Covid-19 that started in china and was limited to china has now become pandemic disease. 732,153 cases and 34,686 deaths have been confirmed according to the john Hopkins university covid-19 dashboard that collects the information from national and international health authorities. However, Italy, Spain and US experiencing the worst outbreak of covid-19. After china Italy is the second largest country to experience the worst outbreak of covid-19. On March 11, the World health organization (WHO) officially declared covid-19 outbreak as pandemic virus. Therefore, the government of many countries instructed to the people to confine to their homes to keep the people protected and safe from this infectious disease.

Spread of coronavirus

If talked about the spread of coronavirus, it is spreading rapidly among many people. Especially when people are in a very close contact (within 6 feet) then there are fair chances to get infected. According to US centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) the virus spreads through the droplets of saliva produced by infected person when he sneezes or coughs. People can also get infected by touching the surface that has virus on it then touching to their mouth, nose, or their eyes, according to CNN that told that research shows that coronavirus can be spread not only by sneezing and coughing but also by talking or even just breathing.

According to US centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) the virus spreads through the droplets of saliva produced by infected person when he sneezes or coughs

Complications of coronavirus

Pandemic disease coronavirus severely affects the respiratory system causing symptoms such as cough, fever, runny nose and extreme shortness of breath and older adults (that are above from 50) are at the severe risk of illness from covid-19. There are severe complications coronavirus can have such as virus may damage heart, liver and kidneys and in some people, it affects the blood and immune system. Some people are at more risk of severe complications than others and the risk can be even increased for those who are underlying health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease and lungs disease. The people with HIV positive, the people with asthma and pregnant women are also at the more risk and covid-19 can create many complications for them.

Precautionary Measures
World health organization (WHO) has advised to wash hands frequently, regularly and thoroughly with alcohol-based hand rub or clean your hands with soap and water. hand sanitizer can also help to protect from germs and viruses but according to US centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) washing your hands with soap and water rather than resorting to hand sanitizer is more effective at removing certain kinds of germs and viruses.

Precautionary Measures

World health organization (WHO) has advised to wash hands frequently, regularly and thoroughly with alcohol-based hand rub or clean your hands with soap and water. Hand sanitizer can also help to protect from germs and viruses but according to US centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) washing your hands with soap and water rather than resorting to hand sanitizer is more effective at removing certain kinds of germs and viruses. However, alcohol-based sanitizer can deactivate some microbes when used correctly. It is advisable avoid to touch eyes, nose and mouth because your hand touches many objects and pick up viruses and through your hands viruses can transfer to your eyes, nose, mouth and then enter into your entire body. It is also advisable to maintain the social distancing. 6 feet between you and the people you are taking with, is necessary because when you are in close contact with people and suddenly he sneezes or coughs the droplets from his nose or mouth he is spraying on you that may contain virus and will give you virus. Furthermore, make sure you and the people around you are following good respiratory hygiene it means covering of the nose or mouth with tissue or handkerchief. By following these precautionary measures you can protect yourself from this fatal virus (covid-19) because prevention saves more lives than acting at the last moment.

However, alcohol-based sanitizer can deactivate some microbes when used correctly
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