CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
COPD is a common lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible. The more familiar terms ‘chronic bronchitis’ and ’emphysema’ are no longer used, but are now included within the COPD diagnosis.
What is the actual issue?
Common issues of COPD include:
An ongoing cough or a cough that produces a lot of mucus; this is often called smoker’s cough. Shortness of breath, especially with physical activity. Long-term exposure to lung irritants that damage the lungs and the airways usually is the cause of COPD. In the United States, the most common irritant that causes COPD is cigarette smoke. Pipe, cigar, and other types of tobacco smoke also can cause COPD, especially if the smoke is inhaled.
Description of a disease:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible. The more familiar terms ‘chronic bronchitis’ and ’emphysema’ are no longer used but are now included within the COPD diagnosis.
Attributes of a disease:
Shortness of breath, cough, and/or mucus production, that does not go away, are common signs and attributes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD and indicate the need for a visit to your health care provider and evaluation for the need of a breathing test using the instrument spirometer.
Detailed medical history and physical examination.
Measurement of spirometer before and after a bronchodilator drug. Assessment of exercise capacity. Measurement of health status and the impact of breathlessness. Assessment of inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength and lower limb strength
- Bronchodilators these medications which usually come in an inhaler relax the muscles around your airways.
- Inhaled steroids
- Combination inhalers
- Oral steroids
- Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors
Medical nutrition therapy of disease:
Cachexia and muscle wasting is a frequent but partly reversible complication in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and affects the disease progression and prognosis. Weight loss in COPD is a consequence of increased energy requirements unbalanced by dietary intake. Nutritional supplement therapy has been shown to be effective for maintaining and improving the muscle strength and exercise tolerance in poorly nourished COPD patients, thereby decreasing morbidity and mortality.
Do’s and Don’ts
(What should we do in diseases and what should we don’t?)
- Avoid obvious triggers
Mostly dust, allergens and smoke inhaling these can cause irritation of the airway and worsening of lung conditions. Wear a face mask when you step outside.
- Keep your weight under check
COPD patients should neither put on too much weight nor lose too much weight, adds the doctor. The condition already causes breathing problems in patients. If the sufferer is overweight, the lungs have to work extra hard to pump oxygen into the blood. Low BMI is also bad for COPD patients.
- Exercise regularly
Exercising is a must for those suffering from the condition. “Exercise at least for 30 minutes every day. Do not exercise during the early morning hours or late nights because the dust level in the atmosphere is more during those times
- Carry an inhaler
Those suffering from COPD conditions like asthma should not forget their inhalers at home. One needs to stay prepared for any kind of triggers in the atmosphere.
- Don’t stop treatment
Even if you are feeling better, complete the course of the treatment and don’t quit
- Do not take cough syrups
One should be wary of buying over the counter medications such as cough syrup without prescription. Many cough syrups contain dextromethorphan, a cough suppressant. In COPD, the patient needs to expel all the mucus and phlegm
- Use a humidifier in the house
Dry air conditions are known to worsen COPD because it dries out bronchial tissues. A humidifier helps keep the air inside the house moist. It makes it that much easier for the patient to cough up the phlegm.
Practice breathing exercises
For COPD, we recommend ‘Pursed Lip Breathing Technique’ to ease symptoms like shortness of breath in patients,” says Dr. Agarwal. For this, one needs to breathe in through the nose and exhale through the mouth by pursing the lips. This is an effective form of treatment
- Do not panic
If you find your heartbeats getting faster than usual, do not fear. At such times, it is advisable for patients to take in deep breaths and practice breathing exercises
Myths of disease
- Only smokers get COPD
- There is no treatment for COPD
- If you have COPD, it’s too late to quit smoking
- Exercise is too hard if you have COPD
- COPD is a rare condition
- COPD is an old person’s disease
- COPD is the same as asthma
- Shortness of breath is the only symptom of COPD fact
- Exercise will make COPD worse
- A healthy diet will not help with COPD
- A healthy diet will not help with COPD
- Nothing can be done to treat COPD
- COPD inevitably leads to a worse quality of life
Remedies for disease
Natural remedy to naturally treat COPD symptoms:
- Avoid smoking in every form.
- Improve breathing follow a healthy diet.
- Increase water intake inside and outside the body.
- Use eucalyptus oil.
- Consume ginseng, take NAC.
- Avoid cold and crowds and reduce stress.
The first and most important treatment for smokers is to stop smoking. Medications are usually prescribed to widen the airways (bronchodilators), reduce swelling in the airways (anti-inflammatory drugs, such as steroids), and/or treat infection (antibiotics)