Rizwana Aizde


Cancer is basically a disease related to the uncontrolled growth of cells. Breast cancer is one of the cancer types mainly present in women .Men can also be affected to it but its ratio is less than female. Breast cancer is top cancer in women worldwide and is increasing particularly developing countries where the majority of cases are diagnosed in late stages. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women both in the developed and less developed world.  It is the second most common cancer globally. Different statistics data shows the alarming situation for the is estimated that worldwide over 508 000 women died in 2011 due to breast cancer (Global Health Estimates, WHO 2013). Although breast cancer is thought to be a disease of the developed world, almost 50% of breast cancer cases and 58% of deaths occur in less developed countries (GLOBOCAN 2008).

As far as the awareness concern, different organizations are playing their role to promote awareness related to breast cancer.  Many international and national organizations are working to spread awareness for this disease.  A common symbol is used for It, named as pink ribbon. The pink ribbon is an international symbol of breast cancer awareness. Pink ribbons and the colour pink in general, identify the wearer or promoter with the breast cancer brand and express moral support for women with breast cancer. The breast cancer research foundation, living beyond breast cancer and national breast cancer foundation is among some international organizations to fight for this disease. Breast Cancer Awareness Month (BCAM), also referred to in America as National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM), is an annual international health campaign organized by major breast cancer charities every October to increase awareness of the disease and to raise funds for research into its cause, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and cure. The campaign also offers information and support to those affected by breast cancer. Breast cancer awareness month is a yearly campaign that intends to educate people about the importance of early screening, test and more. This campaign starts on October 1st and ends on October 31st every year.

Female should be conscious about their health because they are the real national builder. The health of women can be related to the health of the whole family.  Women after puberty should remain conscious of this factor; the most common symptom is the presence of any new lump or mass in the breast. It could be painless or painful as well. A painless, hard mass that has irregular edges is more likely to be cancer, but breast cancers can be tender, soft, or rounded… For this reason, it is important to have any new breast mass, lump, or breast change checked by a health care professional experienced in diagnosing breast diseases. Other possible symptoms of breast cancer include: Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt),Skin irritation or dimpling (sometimes looking like an orange peel),Breast or nipple pain, Nipple retraction (turning inward),Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin, Nipple discharge (other than breast milk).

The treatment and survival ratio of the patient depends upon the stage of diagnosis .if it is diagnosed early the possibility to cure it effectively become increases. Different screening methods are used to diagnose the breast cancer.  Mammography is the most common method of screening the breast cancer, other are positron emission mammography, breast specific gamma imaging and thermography.  There are different treatment methods are available to deal with this disease. Treatment method adopted by your physician depending upon the type of breast cancer you have, the size of your tumor and how far cancer has spread in your body, called the stage of your disease. Here are different types of Breast Cancer Treatment. Surgery (Surgery to remove the whole breast, called a mastectomy, or to remove just the tumor and tissues around it, called a lumpectomy or breast-conserving surgery), Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy, which uses high-energy waves to kill cancer cells. Hormone therapy uses drugs to prevent hormones, especially estrogen, from fueling the growth of breast cancer cells. You might get chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy along with surgery or radiation. They can kill any cancer cells that were left behind by other treatments.

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