Arooj Rana


Causes & Spread: AIDS causes by HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus). In this disease, the whole immune system of the body destroys and unable to defend any foreign invader. HIV spreads by transfer of semen, blood and breast milk.  HIV/AIDS threat is increasing in Pakistan day by day due to high-risk practices, low awareness about HIV/AIDS and double-crossing blood transfusion practices. Most of the risk of HIV/AIDS is transfer from India because Pakistan shares its border with India. National and International organization warn that there will be the more bad situation in Pakistan regarding HIV/AID in the near future.

Symptoms: The symptoms of HIV/AIDS are nausea, vomiting, persistent diarrhoea, chronic fatigue, rapid weight loss, cough, shortness of breath, fever, chills, night sweats, rashes, lesions in the mouth and nose and may be under the skin. Less common HIV symptoms in women in this stage include:

Swollen lymph nodes.



Ulcers in the mouth.

Night Sweats.


Muscle aches and joint pain.

Awareness of HIV/AIDS in Pakistan:      

 In our community, people are very less aware of causes and prevention of sexually transmitted disease. People do not consider themselves at risk. They believe that these infections are common in homosexual relationships.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          People don’t like to share such health problems and they like to visits Hakims and quacks. The patient of HIV aids doesn’t like to visit hospitals due to community reaction and lack of any specialist treatment. Estimated HIV burden is around 0.1 per cent of the adult population is affected by it that is increasing day by day in the young generation. Pakistan is facing a concentrated epidemic among injecting drug users with HIV prevalence of 21 per cent among IDUs in major urban centres across the country.  Pakistan needs to scale up targeted intervention urgently to prevent the rapid increase in HIV among vulnerable groups. People basically young generation is not much aware of the side effects of this disease.

The current scenario in Pakistan: It has been reported that Pakistan is at high risk of HIV/AIDS infection. Every year 25 million deaths occur in Pakistan due to AIDS. In 2005 there were 360 deaths reported while in 2015 the number increases up to 1480. In 2010 the total number of registered cases has reached to 6000 and this figure is on the rise with the passage of time. Some serious strategies must be implemented to control this deadly disease. The first case of HIV/AIDS was detected in 1987 in Pakistan.


Treatment centres have been set up in Pakistan in Islamabad Peshawar Lahore and Karachi. The aim of these centres is to provide treatment to the infected people. In every centre, about 100 patients have been registered trained Dr. and nurses are working in these centres.

Uplisted names of the centres are playing their role in the treatment of the AIDS patients in Pakistan. Medicines used for the treatment of HIV/AIDS have three types of effect including antiviral effect, Immune modulator effect and habitat destruction drugs. Purpose of these three effects is to stop the activity of HIV virus.


To prevent the spread of HIV Government should develop guidelines for healthcare. HIV is a virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS if not treated properly it causes death. So once you get HIV, you have it for life. … No effective cure currently exists, but with proper medical care HIV can be controlled. State and local health departments can fund programs that support effective HIV prevention services and medical care, create programs and policies to test people at risk for HIV early and often, provide information about where people can get an HIV test, and educate people about the benefits of HIV testing, regular care, and treatment.

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